The Coffea tree is a shrub and classified as an Evergreen. In order for the Coffea tree to produce a crop, it must grow for 5 years and this crop is only about 15 oz.’s.
This plant produces a flower of a sweet jasmine-scent this bud produces the fruit of the plant. The berry changes from to a the original green like the plant itself, to orange or red. The ripen berry turns to a Raspberry dark red.
When the berry is ripe it must be processed the same day it is “hand-picked”. Picking time is like many plants not all of the fruit is ripe the same day, so the pickers will go back several times to the same plant.
The bean is found inside the fruit that grows on the Coffea tree. Most coffee plants are not within reach of the roadside and are grown on slanting hill-sides. We were able to view a Coffee trees growing on the side of the Blue Mountain when we traveled to Jamaica in January.
Both Jamaican coffee and Hawaiian Coffee are one of the most expensive and pleasant coffees.
Most Coffee Plantations still use the “hand-picking” for the picking the fruit off of the shrubs, it is very back-breaking work. Depends on where the coffee is grown, in some countries the mules take the extremely full bags and the bags are draped over the backs of the mules.
In India, women pick the beans by hand then carry the sacks on their heads. **Reference: Coffee Cafe by Sherri Johns
In Jamaica, on the Blue Mountain Coffee plantation the guide explained to us, that the people who work this plantation climb up this steep mountain side, the women pick for most of the day, placing the fruit into 70 pound crates and the male workers place these crates onto the trucks and take to be processed.